Moving the Capital of Indonesia to Kalimantan: Historical Views and Implications for Social and Culture in the Borneo Region

  • Rozan Yunos Universiti Brunei Darussalam
  • Farah Fatinah Haji Ya’akob Universiti Brunei Darussalam
Keywords: Moving Capitals, Capital Relocation, Kalimantan, Indonesia, Comparison


Capital Relocation or Moving Capitals is not a new phenomenon. Capitals have moved throughout history, both pre-modern and contemporary. Nigeria relocated its capital from Lagos to Abuja in 1991, Myanmar relocated its capital from Yangon to Nyapidaw in 2005, and Brazil relocated its capital from Rio de Janeiro to Brasilia in 1960, all for various reasons. A capital in current times reflects how a country will progress in the future. As the future can be foreseen, none of it is certain until it occurs. As a result, Indonesia's ambition to relocate the historical capital of Jakarta to the evergreen region of Kalimantan is regarded as both audacious and profitable for the country's future. With its declaration in 2019 confirming the proposed relocation, local and western experts, the Javanese, and the Kalimantans people had diverse reactions. This study uses qualitative research to collect and analyze information about Kalimantan as the new capital of the Republic of Indonesia found in chapters of books, assignments, news websites, and journals. Because the study of Indonesia's migration is new, the research employs the comparison method of written research. This study will compare written studies from the last five (5) years to determine Kalimantan's suitability as Indonesia's next capital. The findings of the investigations will then be compared to local news outlets and newspapers to determine whether the statements made are justified, the outcomes were mixed.


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