Prosocial Behavior in Adolescents: A systematic Literature Review

  • Lasmiyati - Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
Keywords: systematic literature review; adolescent prosocial behavior, forming factors


A systematic literature review was conducted to understand adolescents' prosocial behavior. Using the PRISMA approach and involving 38 Scopus databases, research results from various contexts show that prosocial behavior has a significant positive impact. Content analysis using VosViewer revealed social influence, cognitive development, moral socialization, empathy, and self-regulation as factors related to adolescent prosocial behavior. Longitudinal studies highlight gender differences in the development of adolescent prosocial behavior. Empathic attention is important in the relationship between the ability to take perspective and prosocial behavior. The role of the family environment is also important in shaping adolescent prosocial behavior. Positive parenting, high acceptance, and positive interactions between parents and children are associated with increased prosocial behavior. Social relationships and friendships influence the development of prosocial behavior. Adolescents with high prosocial behavior have a higher quality of friendship and well-being. A holistic approach involving the family, school, and community environment is needed to improve adolescent prosocial behavior. Programs and interventions should consider gender differences, cognitive and social development, social environment, and the quality of interpersonal relationships. The findings provide valuable insights into prosocial behavior in adolescents and the importance of factors that influence it.

Keywords : systematic literature review; adolescent prosocial behavior, forming factors


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